Gladius swords were used to describe the primary sword of Ancient Roman foot soldiers. In fact, gladius is the Latin for sword. Traditionally, soldiers used javelins from a distance before engaging in close combat where the primary weapon was the gladius sword, used in conjunction with a shield. Early Gladius swords were very similar to the xiphos sword used by the Greeks. By the 3rd century B.C.E., the Romans modified the xiphos to include aspects of swords used by opponents of war such as the Celtic Celtiberians or the Spanish Hispania. In fact, the Hispaniensis Gladius is also called the Spanish Xiphos. They also adopted various versions of the sword during their conquest of Hispania. The gladius eventually evolved and was replaced by the longer spatha sword in the 3rd century C.E. All gladius types appear to have been suitable for cutting and chopping as well as thrusting. They measured between 22 and 33 inches, although most were a maximum of 25”, and weighed between 1.5-2.5 pounds. gladius styles varied based on guard and blade shape, as well as the decore on the handle and pommel. Other popular versions of the gladius sword were known as the gladius hispaniensis from Spain, Mainz Gladius from Germany, Fulham gladius from Britain, and Pompeii gladius from Pompeii, Rome. This sword is designed after the Mainz Gladius.
Handle Material: Wood and casting
Overall Length: 18"
Blade Material: Stainless Steel
Battle Gladius Sword - Mainz Gladius - Short Sword - 18"