Civil War Sword- Model 1840- M1840- 1095 Steel

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Cavalry Sword Overview

This Cavalry Sword, a variant of the backsword, showcases a rich history and diverse design. Originally popular with infantry for its simplicity and cost-effectiveness, the backsword evolved over time. In the early 17th century, European cavalry favored a version with a straight, slender blade and blunt tip. By the 18th century, this style became predominant. These swords typically feature a single-edged blade, varying in curvature, length, and weight.

Model 1840 Cavalry Saber


  • Inspiration: Designed after the 1822 French hussar's sabre.
  • Features: Distinct with a ridge around the quillon and a flat, slotted throat.
  • Length: 42 inches.
  • Usage: Optimized for slashing, earning the nickname "Old Wristbreaker" due to its heavy, flat-backed blade.
  • Historical Significance: Widely used during the Mexican–American War by the US Cavalry. Key contractors included Ames of Cabotville, Horstmann, and Tiffany, with additional production in Germany by S&K.
  • Production and Legacy: Approximately 23,700 units produced until 1858. Continued issuance during the early US Civil War.

Blade Materials

  • Material: Made from 1095 steel, mirroring the hardness of historical rapiers.
  • Carbon Content: High carbon level of .95%, one of the highest in sword-making steel.
  • Characteristics: Known for edge retention and hardness (56-58 HRC). While less flexible, it withstands high-impact collisions and is easily resharpened.

Sword Specifications

  • Handle Material: 1095 Steel
  • Overall Length: 38 inches
  • Rockwell Hardness: 56-58 HRC
  • Sheath: Accompanied by a leather sheath
  • Blade Material: 1095 Steel
  • Model: Civil War Sword, Model 1840 (M1840)

This piece not only serves as a functional weapon but also as a testament to the historical evolution of military swords, making it an exceptional addition for collectors and enthusiasts alike.

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Owen Bradshaw

Civil War Sword- Model 1840- M1840- 1095 Steel

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